Breast Self-Examination (BSE) Steps

Breast self-examination, popularly known as BSE is a technique, which allows a woman to recognise the visible or physical changes in her breasts. This examination plays an important role in recognising factors, which can cause harm to your breast and body health.

Before looking at the steps, some tips, which are as helpful as BSE.
  • BSE should be done every month after your menstrual cycle ends.
  • In case of pregnancy, menopause or irregular menstrual cycle, a specific date of the month should be chosen for the examination.
  • In case, you do notice a lump, then please do not panic. Seeing the doctor for a proper evaluation should be your next step. Always remember that not all lumps are harmful.
So, let’s look at the steps, which are simple and yet useful.
  • Step 1: Stand in front of the mirror and look at your naked breast.
    • Check for changes like colour, size and shape.
    • The following changes should be brought to the doctor’s notice.
      • Puckering, bulging and dimpling of skin.
      • Changed position of the nipple or inverted ones (remember your nipples should be puckered up not pushed fully inside)
      • Any swelling, redness, soreness and rash breakouts
  • Step 2: Next just repeat the same steps with your arms raised above your head.
  • Step 3: Lie down and just roll to your left side to examine the right breast.
    • Rest your other arm on your forehead to ensure that your breast should be flat to your chest. If you want to comfortable then just put a pillow under your shoulder or back.
    • Now, using the flat tips of your fingers press in circular motions on the side, middle and underside. Your circles should be done in first light, then medium and deep motion.
      • Check for any lumps or puckering of the skin. If any then report the same thing to the doctor.
  • Repeat the same steps on your left breast.
  • Step 4: Feel your breasts in the shower. It’s easier when the skin is wet and slippery. Cover the same hand movements described in Step 4.
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